As far as I know commercial license is issued to those who have at least one yr of valid permanent license and passed a tougher test of driving. Commercial License holders can take up driving commercial vehicles [ they are now professional driver ]. Its validity required to be renewed after a reasonable time [not known to me] and one has obtain it through registered driving schools only. Learned friends may correct me if anything stated wrong.
If I would have read this before 5 years, I could be saved of many bucks. Once on way to Shimla from Delhi, at Himachal Pradesh border, Police demanded from us the hill driving license, said it is a must to drive in hilly areas. Naturally we didn't have that, so he asked Rs. 2000 as fine. We settled the case in Rs. 500 & entourage nowhere this license was demanded. How stupid of us.
The Union government has proposed a steep increase in the fees for issue and renewal of driving licences for all types of vehicles. A licence for driving a private vehicle may cost up to Rs. 1,200, up from Rs. 320.
The cost of driving lessons will also go up as the government has proposed a four-fold increase in licence issue and renewal fees for driving schools from Rs. 2,500 to Rs. 10,000. Moreover, the States have been authorised to charge an additional fee for conducting driving tests.
The Union Road Transport and Highways Ministry proposed amendments to the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, on July 28 to charge separate fees for conducting driving competence test for different categories of vehicles. The fee structure was last revised during 2001-02.
The government has done away with the requirement of a commercial licence for driving taxis, three wheelers, e-rickshaws and two-wheelers (food delivery etc), allowing drivers to use their private licences for the same.
DL issued across all states will be same format from July 2019 – Difficult to escape traffic fines
This rule will come into force from July 2019 and all DLs and RCs issued after this will have the same look, design, and colour. They will also have the same security features such as guilloche printing, micro-printed text, micro-line, ultraviolet florescent colour, hologram and watermark.