I am inaugurating
this Forum with this thread.Hope it will be useful to all. Hurdles in Road Safety:-
There are many hurdles in the path to implement Road Safety safely.
These are listed below: Negligence of Civilians
: Civilians, the main victim, who make a huge hue and cry about the issue are responsible for lagging behind in the safety measures as these people on the first hand do not follow the already devised rules. One can easily spot people jumping traffic lights, driving while drunk, driving recklessly at super sonic speeds. Wearing seat belts is assumed as if they have been tied with the car seats. There is a need to understand that with such a vast population, it is the civil society on the first hand that has to play a crucial role in achieving success in this area. Pathetic Condition of roads
: Poor infrastructure has lead to poor road designs. Roads are built without keeping their functionality in mind. The areas adjoining the new roads are made vacant to built broad roads, only to find that they get swarmed with traffic rush in no time. Roads should be made with proper planning keeping in mind their future utility, as vehicle population also grows with time. Unsafe Vehicle Design
: Vehicles designed for Indian roads are not up to the International Standards. Safety norms are not even close to international level. Even if some luxury cars have them, they run the pockets dry. There is a need to look for viable solution in this respect. Lack of Laws
: No Proper laws have been devised and those devised are not meant and dealt properly. Just drive as you like and if you happen to kill someone, just grease a few palms and walk into the sunset. Such is the height of corruption in India. Lack of Emergency Services
: Roads lack any facility for emergency services. In case of an accident there is no provision for first aid treatment near the intersections. Victims have to cost their lives as doctors and hospitals are usually not nearby. Steps needed to be taken:-
We have to be needed following steps towards the road safety, for avoid the road accidents and improve our mistake. Make a personal commitment to improve road safety by adopting more courteous and considerate road behavior and demonstrating care for the safety of others.
1.Development and implementation of effective road safety policies
2. Funds for road safety programs.
3. Ensure that planning of local facilities and residential areas effectively takes account of the road safety needs of the community.
4. Make a formal commitment to promote effective road safety education in schools and pre-schools so that appropriate behaviour is fostered from early age.
5. Assist in the life-long education of road users
6. Improve the safety performance of the road network by ensuring that planning, design, construction and maintenance places a high priority on safety outcomes.
7. Promote road safety amongst their memberships by providing up-to-date and relevant information on traffic laws, safe driver behaviour and techniques, road conditions, maintenance procedures and vehicle safety.
8. Adopt effective and safe traffic management measures in planning transport and land-use developments. Avoid Drunken Driving:-
Alcohol has been successful in making a distinct niche in daily lives of humans since the centuries of the recorded history. Alcohol has been found to play a major role in social ills in almost all countries across the world, but foremost amongst the ills produced by alcohol is its role in traffic crashes.
Alcohol and driving don't mix, but still, many people love to drink and drive resulting in numerous road mishaps. Drunken driving has been recognized as a world menace, based on the stats which reveal that road accidents cause 1.2 million deaths and 50 million injuries around the world each year. Some 480,000 of these deaths and 20 million of people get injured by drunken driving.
The role of Alcohol in traffic safety has produced more controversies than any other topic. After drinking, the judgment power of the driver gets impaired - a threat to road safety. Due to its effects, driver tends to take more risks, becomes more aggressive and takes a longer reaction time. It has been well established that the relative probability of causing crash increases with the rising blood alcohol levels keeping road safety at stake.
In India, drunken driving is customary in commercial vehicle drivers. Private car owners and youngsters are also major players in the game. Small bars along the Indian highways are of prime concern to control drunken driving. To make the matter worse the gamble of destiny is that Indian traffic officials are not well equipped with the necessary equipments required to introduce checks on driving in India. India has laws to check the drunken driving but its effective implementation is still to be worked upon.
A drunken driver is a potential murderer as he cannot perform his tasks without risks and endangers road safety. Drunken driving an illegal act should be governed by stern laws which entail not only levying hefty fines or revocation of license, but also prosecution, same as a criminal offense. Usually, driver escape from the scene as the public gets involved in getting the injured hospitalized rather than snitch the drunken driver and teaching him a lesson.
But, contrary to the practice, if we make a commitment to report the incidence to the officials concerned and take a stand against drunk driving, then we may get successful in curbing the menace which has been since centuries a major contributor to the traffic deaths in every, but, the co-relation between alcohol and road safety still remains a matter of more research. Road Safety Initiatives:-
Roads and vehicles are an everyday part of life for all of us. Either as a driver, a passenger, or as a pedestrian, we all must negotiate the road traffic environment on a daily basis.
We are especially vulnerable around vehicles and roads due to their size and capabilities. Be aware of the opportunities for people to become safer road-users. Walk down to the local shop for milk or the newspaper with your children on Sunday morning. Park the car and walk around to the sports ground, on the way explaining the observations and choices you make to get there safely. Talk about the importance of wearing seat belts and insist that everyone in the vehicle wears appropriate restraints. Point out rules of the road when driving. Always demonstrate responsible and safe behaviours when driving, or when a passenger and while walking anywhere around vehicles and roads.
Along with the benefits of road use, there are also challenges that we need to be aware of. Important Schemes administered by Road Safety are:
1. Publicity Programs
2. Grants-in-aid to Voluntary Organizations for organizing road safety programs
3. National Highway Accident Relief Service Scheme
4. Refresher Training to Heavy Vehicle Drivers in Unorganized Sector
5. Setting up of Model Driving Training school Traffic Rules:-
India is a vast country. A gigantic grid of roads connects most cities and towns. The Indian traffic rules go a long way to ensure traffic safety in India. The Indian roads are forever filled with traffic jams, thanks to ever increasing demand and supply of cars and other vehicles. Hence, following the traffic rules in India are necessary for your own security and well-being. Read on further to know about certain traffic rules of India.
a.Don't use your mobile phone whilst driving
b. Belt up in the back
c. Don't drink and drive
d. Always adhere to speed limits
f.Take special care about children, senior citizens and pedestrians.
g. Don't drive if tired.
h. Pedestrians should walk cautiously.
i. Always observe and anticipate other road users.
j. India follows left hand side driving. So be careful and look both ways while crossing the road.Do not drive if you cannot adapt to the left hand side driving. Source:- Road Safety Rules