There have been countless occasions when the Government of India has been urged to do something about the emission norms in India. While there has been news about the government planning to take drastic steps to improve the environment, nothing concrete had been decided upon; till now.
The Government of India today announced that only Bharat Stage IV-compliant vehicles will be sold and registered from October this year in seven states, and emission standards will come into force in the entire country by April 1, 2017.
The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways today issued a notification that only "Bharat Stage IV (BS-IV) compliant four wheeler vehicles will be manufactured on and from October 1, 2015" in Jammu & Kashmir, barring Leh and Kargil, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, parts of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
The districts covered under Rajasthan include Hanumangarh and Sri Ganganagar while in Uttar Pradesh, districts of Saharanpur, Muzaffarnagar, Bijnaur, Jyotiba Phule Nagar, Rampur, Muradabad, Aligarh, Badaun, Bareilly, Mathura, Mahamayanagar, Etah, Agra, Firozabad, Etawah, Mainpuri, Pilibhit, Shamli, Sambhal, Farrukabad, Kannauj, Auriya and Kasganj will come under the ambit of new emission norms.
The BS-IV emission norms will be applicable in five more states of Goa, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana and Odisha, and April 1, 2016 onwards it will be Union territories of Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Some districts of Mumbai, Gujarat and Maharashtra will also be covered under BS-IV norms from April 1, 2016, the ministry said in a statement.
The districts in Maharashtra include Thane and Pune while Gujarat districts include Surat, Valsad, Dangs and Tapi.
The BS IV grade fuel has already been made available in the National Capital Region and the cities of Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmadabad, Bangalore, Hyderabad including Secunderabad, Kanpur, Pune, Surat, Agra, Lucknow and Sholapur with effect from April 1, 2010. Twenty additional cities were added for BS IV grade fuel supply from October, 2014 while 30 more cities were included from April, 2015.
According to the government, "These specifications will further reduce the emissions of Carbon Mono-oxide(CO), Hydrocarbon (HC), Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) and Sulphur (SOx)which are much less in BS-IV fuel as compared to BS III fuel,"