Arguments on how safe a car is relative to another in India are only speculative as of now.
Come 1st October 2017 all New cars will be tested for the mandated Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program (BNVSAP) and existing cars by October 1st 2019.
All manufactures are updating their existing portfolio to accommodate the crash tests well before the respective deadlines.
It is proposed that this BNVSAP would start the official testing from October 2017 onwards. The car testing protocols is defined by ARAI as follows:
Frontal offset testing (64 kmph )
Side impact testing
Pedestrian protection testing
Rear impact testing
Child dummy dynamic crash testing
Points would be awarded to the car based on the safety features in the car like ABS
, seat belt reminders, child lock, and Electronic Stability Control.
Every new car will need to clear three tests at a speed of 56Km/h .
The first test will be a full-frontal impact test against a rigid barrier.
The second front impact test will be at a 40 percent offset (with driver's side bias) and will also be with a rigid barrier. This type of crash is usually very common in high traffic conditions or with approaching traffic conditions - and is indeed the kind of crash tests we have seen from Global NCAP using made-in-India cars so far.
The final test will be a side impact test for deformity and will be done with a moving barrier that will crash into the car at the set velocity. The side impact tests will ensure manufacturers use crossbeams in door structures to ensure a safer cabin structure. The side impact will also bring in the need for curtain airbags to be made part of standard equipment making cars (especially small hatchbacks) much safer. The full frontal crash tests will be applicable for all passenger cars and all commercial vehicles with less than a 1500kg gross weight. The side and offset front test will be applicable to all passenger cars that weigh less that 2500kg gross weight and not for small commercial vehicles.
Post the tests and availability of results will ensure the visibility of crash worthiness of a vehicle and it is then left to the customers the option of pick up vehicles based of his/her prioritizing safety over something else! Link